FIX (Financial Information eXchange) is a protocol widely used in the financial industry for facilitating real-time electronic communication of trading-related information. Over the years, several versions of FIX have been developed and implemented. Two commonly discussed versions are FIX 4.0 and FIX 4.2. In this article, we will explore the differences between these two versions and understand their respective features and functionalities.
- Protocol Structure:
FIX 4.0 and FIX 4.2 both follow the same protocol structure, which includes a header, body, and trailer. The header contains session-level information, the body contains application-level data, and the trailer ensures message integrity and authenticity.
- Message Types:
Both FIX 4.0 and FIX 4.2 support a similar set of message types, which include order-related messages (NewOrderSingle, ExecutionReport), request for quote messages (RFQ), market data messages (MarketDataRequest, MarketDataSnapshot), and administrative messages (Logon, Heartbeat).
- New Functionalities:
FIX 4.2 introduced several new functionalities over FIX 4.0. Some of the key additions include:
- Extended order types: FIX 4.2 introduced new order types such as Market If Touched (MIT), Limit With Leftover as Market (LWLM), and Limit With Market Maker’s Option (LWMO).
- Additional order statuses: FIX 4.2 introduced new order status values, including Suspended, Expired, and Rejected, providing more granular information about the order’s lifecycle.
- Enhanced quote handling: FIX 4.2 introduced improved mechanisms for handling quotes, including support for quote expiration and ability to specify the quote’s validity.
- Extended security types: FIX 4.2 introduced additional security types to cater to a wider variety of financial instruments, including derivatives and options.
- Field Additions:
FIX 4.2 included new fields that were not present in FIX 4.0. These fields expanded the range of data that could be exchanged between trading applications. Examples of such fields include OrderRestrictions, SecurityGroup, and TradingSessionID.
- Message Sequence Numbers:
Both FIX 4.0 and FIX 4.2 utilize message sequence numbers for ensuring message order and integrity. However, the field names that represent message sequence numbers differ between the two versions. In FIX 4.0, it is referred to as MsgSeqNum, whereas in FIX 4.2, it is SeqNum.
- Backwards Compatibility:
FIX 4.2 is designed to be backward compatible with FIX 4.0. This means that systems supporting FIX 4.2 can still communicate with counterparts using FIX 4.0. However, it is important to note that FIX 4.2 offers additional functionality that may not be fully utilized when communicating with FIX 4.0 systems.
In conclusion, FIX 4.2 introduced new functionalities, expanded field definitions, and improved the handling of various financial instruments and order types over FIX 4.0. While FIX 4.2 is backward compatible with FIX 4.0, it provides enhanced features that enhance flexibility and enable a broader range of trading activities. Traders and financial institutions looking to leverage advanced trading functionalities and expanded data exchange capabilities may choose to transition from FIX 4.0 to FIX 4.2 to take advantage of these benefits.